Perspectives Climate Group



The International Initiative for Development of Article 6 Methodology Tools (II-AMT) is an international expert-led process to enable the alignment of existing baseline and monitoring methodologies with rules and principles for collaboration under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Experts from all continents are bringing different perspectives from their knowledge of climate policies and practices in key regions combined with long-standing expertise in methodologies. The group of experts is developing so-called ‘Article 6 methodology tools’ based on Article 6 requirements. The tools can be added to existing methodologies in a modular fashion. In this way, the initiative aims to contribute to the rapid implementation of market-based cooperation under Article 6 as methodologies would not need to be developed “from scratch”.

After a conceptualisation and development phase, the initiative is currently in its piloting phase. During the piloting phase, our experts will test the developed Article 6 methodology tools, an additionality determination, baseline setting and MRV tool, in practice. The practice test with real carbon market activities that strive for alignment with the Article 6 methodology requirements shall provide new insights in the applicability of the tools and potential adjustment needs. The piloting phase started mid-2023 and will run until November 2024.


The decision accompanying the Paris Agreement states that international cooperation under Article 6.2 and 6.4 of the Paris Agreement should build on the experiences gained through the Kyoto Mechanisms, including the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Current CDM baseline and monitoring methodologies are seen by many observers as unable to reflect new requirements for robust market-based collaboration as per Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. As CDM methodologies were developed in the context of the Kyoto Protocol, they do not consider host country Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) targets, nor all existing mitigation policies, and they do not ensure consistency of mitigation action with the long-term goal of the Paris Agreement. But discarding the several CDM methodologies needs to be prevented. Even if the funding necessary for the development of new Article 6 methodologies could be harnessed, the time required would lead to a an implementation gap of Article 6 activities. This would be detrimental for the implementation of NDCs and undermine the ambition increase urgently required under the Paris Agreement.


Perspectives Climate Research convenes an international team of leading baseline and monitoring methodology experts from different regions to develop a set of “Article 6 methodology tools”. The international team of experts includes:

  • Axel Michaelowa, Perspectives Climate Research, Switzerland
  • Derik Broekhoff, Stockholm Environment Institute, US
  • Francois Sammut, Carbon Limits, Norway
  • Jessica Wade-Murphy, Atmosphere Alternative, Colombia
  • Martha Ntabadde Kasozi, freelance consultant and member of the CDM methodologies panel, Uganda
  • Paula Macías Díaz, Carbon Limits, Norway
  • Randall Spalding-Fecher, Carbon Limits, Norway
  • Sina Wartmann, independent consultant for MRV and Transparency, Germany
  • African Development Bank Group (AfDB)
  • Institute for Global Environmental Studies (IGES)
  • Japan Ministry of the Environment
  • Swedish Energy Agency (SEA)
  • UK Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS)
Reach out to our II-AMT Experts

Juliana Keßler

Head of Market Mechanisms

Axel Michaelowa

Senior Founding Partner
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